What are hemorrhoids?

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, also known as hemroids or piles, are vascular tissue structures located either within the anal canal or around the anus.

Hemorrhoids may become damaged, inflamed, and swollen due to straining or other causes. Hemorrhoids are classified into two main types:

Internal hemorrhoids form within the anal canal from existing structures called anal cushions whereas external hemorrhoids form from weakened veins that surround the anus.

Internal hemorrhoids tend to be painless and many people are not aware that they have them. However, they may bleed during bowel movement. If they become large and distended, they may protrude outside the anus and become prolapsed. Read more about internal hemorrhoids.

External hemorrhoids, on the other hand, appear outside the anal sphincter. They are oftentimes painful and are prone to irritation and itching. Read more about external hemorrhoids.

Many medical professionals use the following classification system to categorize the severity of hemorrhoids:

1st Degree Hemorrhoids – Internal hemorrhoids which will bleed but are not prolapsed.
2nd Degree Hemorrhoids – Hemorrhoids which will bleed and are prolapsed but will go back to its original state by its own.
3rd Degree Hemorrhoids – Hemorrhoids which will bleed and prolapsed and needs to be pushed back with finger.
4th Degree Hemorrhoids – Hemorrhoids which will bleed and prolapsed and cannot be pushed back.

If you are experiencing 4th degree hemorrhoids, It is recommended that you consult your doctor.

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